Marcel Proust e Sigmund Freud: Ruídos, rumores e vozes da linguagem
Noises, rumors and voices of the language in Freud and Proust.
Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas IFCH, Campinas: UNICAMP, 2008.
This research analyses the concept of divided subject, memory and language in La prisonnière (1923), a posthumous novel by Marcel Proust (the fifth volume of the À larecherche du temps perdu series). The study is carried out in the light of the theory ofmemory and language by Sigmund Freud in one of his earliest papers On Aphasia (Zur Auffassung des Aphasien (1891)). In our study, fiction and theory appear side by side. The argument derived from the present investigation is that La prisonnière opposes Proust’s aesthetic doctrine explicit in the last volume of Recherche thus raising a new issue regarding the knowledge of the subject. Shifting from the optical metaphor to the speculation of sonority, La prisonnière is concerned with language perception: of noises, songs, voice, and finally music, forming a language theory in fiction. Freud’s study on aphasia provides a model for the initial apprehension of the subject-language-world relationship, in which, parting from the language flaws, the concepts of memory, representation and object are also relocated .
Palavras-chave: Sujeito; Linguagem; Afasia; Memória; Filosofia; Sigmund Freud; Marcel Proust.